Teacher Resources
Related Research Articles
These are articles related to youth, smoking, and media literacy published by Dr. Brian Primack, who is the author of the Ad It Up site, and his team of researchers at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine.

Primack BA, Bost JE, Land SR, Fine MJ. Volume of tobacco advertising in African-American Markets: systematic review and meta-analysis. Public Health Reports. 2007;122(5). PMID: 17877308. PMCID: PMC1936959.

Primack BA, Gold MA, Land SR, Fine MJ. Association of cigarette smoking and media literacy about smoking among adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health. Oct 2006;39(4):465-472. PMID: 16982379. PMCID: PMC3008629.

Primack BA, Gold MA, Switzer GE, Hobbs R, Land SR, Fine MJ. Development and validation of a smoking media literacy scale for adolescents. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine. Apr 2006;160(4):369-374. PMID: 16585481. PMCID: PMC3001232.

Primack BA, Switzer GE, Dalton MA. Improving measurement of normative beliefs involving smoking among adolescents. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine. 2007;161(5):434-9. PMID:17485617. PMCID: PMC3013365.

Primack BA, Dalton MA, Carroll MV, Agarwal AA, Fine MJ. Content analysis of tobacco, alcohol and other drugs in popular music. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine. 2008;162(2):169-75. PMID:18250243. PMCID: PMC3004676.

Primack BA, Land SR, Fine MJ. Adolescent smoking and volume of exposure to various forms of media. Public Health. 2008;122(4):379-89. PMID: 18206196. PMCID: PMC3001229.

Primack BA, Hobbs R. Association of various components of media literacy and adolescent smoking. American Journal of Health Behavior. 2009;33(2):192-201. PMID: 18844513. PMCID: PMC3001227.

Primack BA, Kraemer KL, Fine MJ, Dalton MA. Media exposure and marijuana and alcohol use among adolescents. Substance Use and Misuse. 2009;44(5):722-39. PMID:19306219. PMCID: PMC3008330.

Primack BA, Swanier B, Georgiopoulos AM, Land SR, Fine MJ. Association between media use in adolescence and depression in young adulthood: a longitudinal study. Archives of General Psychiatry. 2009;66(2):181-8. PMID:19188540. PMCID: PMC3004674.

Primack BA, Fine D, Yang CK, Wickett D, Zickmund S. Adolescents' impression of antismoking media literacy education: qualitative results from a randomized controlled trial. Health Education Research. 2009;24(4):608-21. PMID:19052155. PMCID: PMC2706492.

Primack BA, Wickett DJ, Kraemer KL, Zickmund S. Teaching health literacy using popular television programming: a qualitative pilot study. American Journal of Health Education. 2010; 41(3):147-54.

Primack BA, Sidani J, Carroll MV, Fine MJ. Associations between smoking and media literacy in college students. Journal of Health Communication. 2009; 14(6):541-55. PMID:19731126. PMCID: PMC3008588.

Arke ET, Primack BA. Quantifying media literacy: development, reliability and validity of a new measure. Educational Media International. 2009;46(1):53-65. PMID: 21572920. PMCID: PMC3092308.

Sherman, EJ, Primack BA. What works to prevent adolescent smoking? A systematic review of the National Cancer Institute's Research-Tested Intervention Programs. Journal of School Health. 2009;79(9):391-9. PMID: 19691713. PMCID:PMC3004538.

Shadel WG, Martino S, Haviland A, Setodji C, Primack BA. Smoking motives in movies are important for understanding adolescent smoking: A preliminary investigation. Nicotine and Tobacco Research. 2010;12(8):850-4. PMID: 20576800. PMCID: PMC2917740.

Bier M, Shields D., Springs S, Primack BA. School-based smoking prevention with media literacy: A pilot study. Journal of Media Literacy Education.

Primack BA, Beach M, Adachi-Mejia AM, Dalton MA. Early vs. late exposure to movie smoking. Journal of the National Cancer Institute. 2012;104(7):549-55. PMID: 22423010. PMCID: PMC3317882.